What is the Difference between a Vegetable and a Fruit?

Do you know that tomatoes are a type of vegetable? If you answer yes, you can be right or wrong. Tomatoes are a type of fruit according to botanists.

But according to nutritionists (experts on food combining) tomatoes are categorized as vegetables.

What about avocados? Many who think avocados are a type of fruit. In this case, you are right to look at avocados regarding the kinds of plants that contain seeds.

But according to nutrition experts who classify the nutritional content of avocados classified as vegetables because they contain low sugar (fructose) and nutrient content similar to vegetables.

Then do you know the beets are a type of fruit or a kind of vegetable? Yes right, beets are one type of vegetable because they do not contain seeds in botany.

But some nutritionists classify bits into fruit types because of their fructose content.

We are often confused about the difference between vegetables and fruits as we know that many types of vegetables are similar in appearance to fruits.

Likewise, many types of fruits are similar in appearance to vegetables.

Why is it important to know the difference between which vegetables or fruits are fruits and vegetables?

You’ve heard of food combining diet, of course.

In food combining diet and in many statements by nutritionists or health experts, it is said that fruits, especially fruits that contain high levels of sugar and water (compare to others), are eaten separately with other foods including vegetables.

Also, for those of you who have already read how to make vegetable or fruit juice, of course, you often get information on how to mix the right vegetable or fruit juice where vegetables and fruit should not be blended mix together.

This is why it is essential to know the difference between foods that are vegetables or fresh fruit especially according to the nutritionists. 

Before we find out the difference between vegetables and fruit, let’s find out first what is meant by vegetables and fruits.

According to botanists (plant growth sciences) and nutritionists, here are the definition of fruits and vegetables:

What is Vegetable?

Botanical experts define vegetables as part of plants. So there is no definition of vegetables in botany. Vegetables are defined by nutritionists. 

Vegetables are parts of plants which are usually vegetative parts that can be in the form of roots, stems or leaves which typically contain high moisture content and can be consumed through minimal processing.

what is vegetable

Some vegetables can even be consumed raw like salads or vegetables, vegetable juice or boiled half cooked, roasted, dried and various other ways. 

For raw foodists, usually, vegetables that have a lot of water are consumed with vegetable juice or eaten raw in the form of fresh salads. 

This part of the plant or this vegetable can have different colors.

The green color of vegetables comes from plant chlorophyll. There are also vegetables that have orange color derived from carotenoids such as carrots. 

While the red or blue color of vegetables is caused by anthocyanins such as those found in red spinach, beets, cabbage, and others.

Here are some various types of vegetables :

List of Vegetables

Vegetables that come from the leaves of plants

Cabbage, various kinds of lettuce, kailan, kale, parsley, spinach, romaine lettuce.

Vegetables that come from the stem of the plant

Asparagus, fern, Genjer, banana stems, taro stems.

Vegetables that come from generative parts (flowers) of plants

Broccoli, cauliflower, Turi flowers, Kecombrang, papaya flowers.

Vegetables that come from the roots of plants

Beets, radishes, carrots, bamboo shoots.

Vegetables derived from plant fruits

Tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, peppers, pumpkins, avocados.

What Is Fruit?

Fruits are all types of plant parts that are the result of seed growth through fertilization by flower pollen, which then becomes an ovary.

Furthermore, this ovary will grow into a fruit that we can see in our daily life. Nutrition experts do not classify fruits as vegetables because they contain high water content and high levels of natural sugar.

What is the difference between vegetable and fruit

The fruit is food that can be eaten directly without going through the processing process.  

There are also seeds in the fruit which the function of seeds is for reproduction in which plants perpetuate themselves.

This type of fruit can depend on outer appearance and water content and nutrition.

Following are the difference between vegetables and fruits,

Difference Between Vegetables and Fruits Table

Now you know the difference between vegetables and fruits, right? The following is a summary table of differences between vegetables and fruits:

  Vegetables Fruits
Seed Vegetables do not contain seeds The main function of seeds is for reproduction in which plants perpetuate themselves
Nutrition Does not contain sugar, or has low sugar levels Contains high natural sugar
Taste Do not have a sweet taste. Vegetables have a variety of flavors such as a little bitter, sour, or a mixture of various flavors Most of the fruits are sweet or sour
How to consume Made into a salad, juiced or cooked half-cooked or cooked Common fruits can be eaten immediately

Hopefully, the information about the difference between a vegetable and fruit is useful, especially for those of you who are always doing a healthy life diet.

Images: pixabay.com

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