Running a role as a parent sometimes makes some couples feel confused furthermore for a new partner whose position as a parent is practically a beginner.
Child development is one of the things that is quite crucial and becomes a challenge for attention. To address these challenges, parents need to know the development of children’s psychology from infants to adults.
Child psychology is a matter that includes mental changes in children starting from the child born to grow into adolescents and adults. For example, a 4-year-old child behaves differently from a 10-year-old child.
Even children who enter adolescence have different behaviors.
All of these things happen because of the growing experience of children. The increase in children’s experience will affect biological factors so that it affects behavior change.
Understanding Child Psychology
Child psychology is one branch of science about development and changes in both behavior, mental, or changes in the physical body since the formation of humans in the process of fertilization until near death.
This knowledge can be learned by everyone to be able to become parents who better understand the development of their children.
As one of the sciences that study changes in human behavior from birth to death, child psychology also examines the thinking processes of children. The method of thinking each stage of human age varies.
Along with increasing age, the thinking process will develop.
The development of the thinking process in humans eventually makes a person’s personality develop. External factors can also influence Physical, psychological, and mental development personalities.
As a good parent, it is essential to study the psychological development of children at each stage of age.
If parents understand the development of children’s psychological stages, parents will not immediately blame children when they do something different.
The following are some stages of the development of child psychology based on their age stages starting from physical, psychological, and educational development.
Stages of Child Psychology Development
The child development phase is one of the exciting things to be learned by every parent. There is a sense of awe or pride when finding children can start crawling, walking, or talking.
All stages achieved by children will continue to grow until they can interact with their surroundings. This process is of course not separated from the help of parents.
Maybe parents will feel confused about how and what to do so that children can be polite and friendly to others.
Then, the thing that is most worried by parents is the negative influence from the outside and immediately they try to confine the child not to be affected by it. Remember, this is not a solution.
If you are one of those parents who has a dilemma about this, you don’t need to worry. That is a natural thing because every parent wants the best for his child.
You can learn about the stages of child psychology development from Erik Erikson who is a psychological expert.
0-1 year stage
This stage is called the baby stage. In this stage, parents must understand that baby activities are not only tied to mouth activities. Babies experience the stages of entering from all their senses.
Most of the time will be used for eating and pooping and sleeping.
When a baby realizes that their mother is regularly feeding, a feeling of trust will arise.
Conversely, if one day the mother gives food irregularly, the baby will experience hunger and discomfort and will affect her ego.
From fun and unpleasant things, babies will begin to learn that there will be changes from unpleasant phases to the fun.
1-3 year stages
This stage is known as the stage of children or toddlers. At this stage, children will begin to learn to throw, hold and control the body with a clean environment. Children will deal with self-control to accept other people around them.
The crisis is embarrassed and doubtful will occur in this phase. Successful communication will make children understand something right and wrong so that children can understand the nature of wisdom.
If this trait already exists, then it will grow better and be able to interact confidently.
Phase 3-6 years
Stages of children with this age are known as playing stages. This is the most enjoyable stage for children.
Children will begin to develop body movements, develop language skills, curiosity and imagination to be greater, and so on.
Playing activities at this stage also cannot be separated from the goals they will achieve. For example, just inviting father and mother to play, play outside the home or want to move more freely.
This stage is filled with fantasy.
Elementary School Psychology
Stage 6-12 years
This stage is known as the school stage. Now, the social world of children must get out of the family world. Children will get along with peers, teachers, and other adults. The child’s curiosity becomes stronger.
At this stage, a psychosocial crisis can occur because of the many challenges that must be faced such as the rules in school and others. With guidance from parents, children will be able to pass this stage well.
Stages 12-20 years
This stage is known as the stage of adolescence. The age of adolescents will experience puberty, and the development that will occur is the search for ego or identity. The strength that emerges at this stage is the identity crisis. Then, parents must always be best friends for their children.
This stage is known as early adulthood. Early adulthood is characterized by psychosexual or sexual development.
In this stage, familiarity will be able to unite a person’s identity with the identity of another person without having to lose his true identity. A person will be able to maintain love, work ties, and friendship in the early adult stages.
30-65 years old
This is called the adult phase. The adult phase is characterized by the development of a person to be able to put themselves in the community and be able to be responsible.
Concern for others will emerge. The ego of an adult will also cause concern, but it can also lead to authorization or coercion.
More than 65 years
The final stage of the development of human psychology is at this stage. The old stage is something that every human being will surely pass.
In this case, someone will no longer produce offspring. This last stage will be marked by physical deterioration due to advanced age such as weakening of hearing or vision.
This stage gives someone experience about the meaning of life and no longer attaches importance to worldly affairs.
The eight stages of child psychology above can be one of the grips of every parent in caring for their children to grow into someone who is polite and has a good person.