5 Adverse Effects of Smoking on Health You Need to Know

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Maybe those of you who don’t smoke have experienced how disturbing cigarette smoke is from people who smoke around us.


Although sometimes there are restrictions on smoking, smokers always have a variety of ways to keep smoking, and sometimes they do not care about the situation around them.

The danger posed by cigarettes is actually already known by smokers, but they do not heed it.

There are at least 4000 chemicals contained in cigarettes. Hundreds of them are dangerous substances, and 70 of them are cancerous. Here are some of the dangerous substances contained in cigarettes, including:

Harmful Substances in Cigarettes

Carbon monoxide

Substances that are often found in car exhaust fumes can bind themselves to hemoglobin in the blood permanently, thereby blocking the supply of oxygen to the body.


When smoking, the tar content will be absorbed by smokers. Tar will settle in your lungs and have a negative impact on the performance of small hairs in the lungs that are responsible for cleaning germs and other foreign objects in your lungs.

Oxidant Gas

This gas can react with oxygen. Its presence in the body can lead to blood clots, which can result in strokes and heart attacks.


Substances contained in fuel oil (gasoline) can damage cells at a genetic level. This substance is also associated with kidney cancer and leukemia.


Nicotine can reduce the level of oxygen that enters the blood. 

These opiate substances can also speed up the heart rate, raise blood pressure, damage blood vessels in the heart, and speed up blood clots that can trigger heart attacks.

The following are diseases that arise from the dangers of smoking for health:

Adverse Effects of Smoking on Health


Smoking causes about 90% of lung cancer in men and 80% in women. This risk is also haunting for people who don’t smoke but live with smokers. 

In addition to lung cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, pharyngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, vocal folds and oral cavity cancer, and other cancers.

Respiratory disorders

Other health problems from smoking are respiratory problems. Upper respiratory tract disorders are often experienced by smokers.

Fetal Disorders

Smoking can also adversely affect reproductive and fetal health. The effects of smoking for women are infertility, miscarriage, fetal death, birth defects, and sudden death syndrome in infants

Heart disease

Smoking causes hardening of the arteries. This condition is a buildup of fatty substances in the arteries. Fats and plaques block the flow of blood and can constrict blood vessels. This is what causes heart disease.


Smoking is a major risk factor for a peripheral vascular disease that narrows blood vessels that carry blood throughout the body.

Blood vessels in male reproductive organs will be affected because they are small blood vessels and can cause impotence.

Thus the dangers of smoking for bodily health. If you can’t stop smoking right now, then start to quit.

A strong desire to stop smoking is the most effective way to stop smoking. If it doesn’t start from now, then you will never stop smoking.

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